Rapid urbanization and growth of motor vehicles impose a serious effect on human life and its environment in recent years. Most of the cities of India are being suffered by an extremely high level of urban air pollution particularly in the form of CO, SO2, NO2, PM (Particulate Matter) and RSPM (Respirable Suspended Particulate Matter). Transport sectors contribute a major share of environmental pollution (around 70%).
Among these pollutants CO is the major pollutant coming from the transport sector, contributing 90% of the total emission. Hydrocarbons are next to CO. It is indeed interesting to observe that the contribution of the transport sector to the particulate pollution is as less as 3-5%, most of the SPM (Suspended Particulate Matter) are generated due to re-suspension of dust out of which PM 10 is the most prominent air pollutant. NOx is another important air quality indicator. All these situations indicate that air pollution becoming a major problem in the Indian context and there is an essential need to build up a healthy environment.
Soot, dust, ozone, and sulfur oxides are a growing threat for billions of people around the world. TheWorld Health Organization reported this week that 93 percent of all children in the world breathe air with pollution levels that exceed their guidelines.
A whopping nine in 10 people on Earth breathe highly polluted air, and more than 80 percent of urban dwellers have to endure outdoor pollution that exceeds health standards, according to the WHO’s World Global Ambient Air Quality Database.
India is home to the world’s 14 most polluted cities, the WHO said, based on the amount of particulate matter under 2.5 micrograms found in every cubic metre of air. These are Kanpur, Faridabad, Varanasi, Gaya, Patna, Delhi, Lucknow, Agra, Muzaffarpur, Srinagar, Gurgaon, Jaipur, Patiala and Jodhpur.
Contrary to perception, it was not just North India that was breathing polluted air in the last week of October 2019. An analysis of the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) data showed that almost all cities from north to south indicated deteriorating air quality.
Transportation is a major source of air pollution in many countries around the world due to the high number of vehicles on the roads. Vehicles introduce toxic materials into the atmosphere that have several bad effects on human health and the ecosystem. To overcome this major problem in India, Hyderabad-based E-Trio is taking a leaf out with a cost-effective retrofitting solution for emobility. The start-up provides electric kits to transform conventional cars into EVs. E-Trio, founded in 2016, by Sathya Yalamanchili launched the company with a vision to accelerate electric mobility growth in India. Instead of manufacturing expensive electric vehicle models, Sathya chose to focus on transforming existing models into electric vehicles, which not only tackles the price problem but also increases the electric adoption rate among existing vehicle owners.
Equipped with advanced intelligent controllers for a silent and zero-emission drive, E-Trio’s EV-150 & EV-180 battery-powered electric kit is designed and engineered with top-notch technology to make your commute eco-friendly. It is also equipped with an intelligent driving system delivering a smooth ride.
E-Trio is India’s first company to have successfully got approval from Automotive Research Association of India (ARAI), the apex Industry body representing leading vehicle and vehicular engine manufacturers in India and run under Ministry of Industries, Government of India.
E-Trio has received ARAI approval for retrofitted car kits in Alto and Wagon R, which will allow the start-up to convert these models of the car into all-electric ones. Retrofitting refers to the addition of new technology or features to older systems. In this case, a “Retrofitted Car” means electric vehicle (EV) conversion in which the car’s combustion engine (Petrol/Diesel based) and connected components are replaced with an electric motor and batteries, to create an all-electric vehicle.
Currently, electric four-wheelers in the affordable segment are priced between INR 8 Lakh and 10 Lakh, while the cost of premium electric vehicles can go from INR 80 Lakh all the way up to INR 3 Cr. An E-Trio electric kit is priced between INR 3.5 and 5 Lakh with the batteries accounting for the majority of the production cost. The minimum market size is 1 million cars across the age of 10 years every year. Conservatively, the company aims to convert 2500 old cars to electric cars in its first year of operations.
The company is primarily focussing on the B2B segment for sales, as the kit is currently most feasible for fleet operators who operate vehicles that exceed the 150-kilometre range per day. Currently, E-Trio is working with six fleet operators and employee transportation start-ups.
This is a big opportunity in India as electric vehicle production is still not scaled up enough to make a deep impact on the market. Besides, electric vehicle parts especially batteries being imported from other countries such as China, draw heavy duty and taxes, which raises the prices of electric vehicles. You can be the one who might resolve this exported batteries problem and capture the big EV market across India and globe, contributing to India’s pollution free mission. If he can do it, you too can!!!
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Edited by Saket Dethe