Harmful Pesticides & Chemicals – Leading to Soil Pollution and Inorganic Farming

India is the country of land size 329 million hectares and is the seventh largest in the world. Its arable land size is 156 million hectares and the world’s second largest in the position. On this arable land, we grow numerous varieties of crops and plants which give us fresh oxygen, food, clothing, medicines, timber, and paper.

Pesticides are known to be one of the extremely useful and incredibly beneficial agents for preventing losses of crops as well as diseases in humans. They are used in a large number of conditions as in farms, orchards, gardens, parks, sports lawn, residences, industrial areas, shops, schools, hospitals, airports, railway lines, drains, on animals, and on people for control of diseases such as scabies and head lice. But losses due to use of insecticides, herbicides, fungicides and others in Indian agriculture amount to USD 50 billion i.e. 12.46% of the total agricultural output of USD 401.3 billion.

The Pesticide is a substance or mixture of substances intended for preventing, destroying, repelling or mitigating any pest. Agricultural pesticides are those chemicals that are used by farmers to prevent the loss of growth and productivity of crops from pests. But uses of toxic chemicals and pesticides are impacting not only on the environment but also on human health.

Pesticides can contaminate soil, water, turf, and other vegetation. In addition to killing insects or weeds, pesticides can be toxic to a host of other organisms including birds, fish, beneficial insects, and non-target plants. Insecticides are generally the most acutely toxic class of pesticides, but herbicides can also pose risks to non-target organisms.

Immediate effects of pesticide exposure include headache, stinging of the eyes and skin, irritation of the nose and throat, skin itching, appearance of the rash and blisters on the skin, dizziness, diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, blurred vision, blindness and very rarely death. Acute effects of pesticide exposure are not severe enough for someone to seek medical help (Pesticides and Human Health, 2014), but Pyrethrins insecticides commonly used in common bug killers, can cause a potentially deadly condition if breathed in. Below is the figure of routes of pesticide exposure to humans.

India’s domestic agrochemical market size was $2.5 billion in 2018. The expected size is $3.7 billion by 2022. Indian agrochemical market has high potential to grow for both domestic consumption as well as for exports. On 13th May 2019, the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) has announced Rs. 700 crore venture capital fund for agriculture and rural Start-ups.

What if a company (which might be founded by you) manufactures pesticides which are non-toxic, carrying out its job for what it is made plus harmless to the environment and human health? Pesticides are necessary in order to protect crops from insects and humans from malaria, dengue, etc. But the requirement is new and safe products which will not harm the environment and human health either due to leaching and volatilization or because of consumption of vegetables, crops, and fruits.

Your thoughts and actions would solve a problem which we and our farmers face on a daily basis. You might be the one who can solve this problem and improve the growth rate of production of crops which will be adding up to increase in India’s GDP.

Become an Innovation Catalyst with Bots ‘N Brains to solve the problems around us and help India become a better country.


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