Biomedical waste is any kind of waste containing infectious (or potentially infectious) materials. It may also include waste associated with the generation of biomedical waste that visually appears to be of medical or laboratory origin (e.g., packaging, unused bandages, infusion kits, etc.), as well research laboratory waste containing biomolecules or organisms that are mainly restricted from environmental release. Discarded sharps are considered biomedical waste whether they are contaminated or not, due to the possibility of being contaminated with blood and their propensity to cause injury when not properly contained and disposed of.
The biomedical waste management requires much more attention when dealing with its disposal as the infectious material or object if not handled with care, it can harm the person dealing with its disposal. The people dealing with the disposal of biomedical waste are usually illiterate and poor, so they are unaware of the type of waste they are dealing with. They may go unprotected to handle the waste which in turn leads to affecting them and sometimes it can be a deadly affair. The syringes, cotton with blood on them, packaging material sometimes may contain the infectious bacteria or virus which can spread when touched with bare hands.
Each year India disposes of about 550.9 tonnes of biomedical waste and it is growing at a percentage of 7% annually and will reach about 775.5 tonnes by 2020. The waste is not managed according to the regulations of the Indian government. To manage this kind of waste, we need to make them aware of the consequences of treating such type of waste without any protection.
Instead of leaving things on the government, if a system is developed that can treat the biomedical waste which removes the infectious bacteria and viruses or kills them and then segregates them according to their state (solid or liquid) and disposes it accordingly, will it not remove the risk of people getting infected of the waste and reduce the risk of loss of lives. What if that system is installed in hospitals at every refuge area from where the medical waste is taken out of the premise for disposal, it will eradicate the risk of handling it with care?
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